The purpose of this presentation is to show the methodology for performance-based seismic evaluation of soil-pile-bridge pier interaction using the incremental nonlinear dynamic analysis (INDA). The INDA analysis was post processed separately for the pier and for the pile, so that the constructed PGA=f(DR) curves are in the capacitive domain. For these curves the authors identified the IO, CP and GI performance levels, while the regression analyses were conducted based on the specific DR and PGA parameters. Fragility curves were constructed based on the solutions of regression analysis and the probability theory of log-normal distribution. Based on the results of fragility analysis, reliability curves were also constructed.
This presentation shows the aspects of damping modelling in structural analysis through the systematization of damping types and flowcharts, depending on the type of analysis applied: linear and non-linear, static and dynamic. Damping has been systematized based on the way it was introduced into calculations, i.e. over material damping, link element damping and damping directly introduced into the analyses which are conducted in capacitive, time and frequency domains. In the process of creating numerical structural models, the type of damping and the way of its introduction into structural analysis can be very efficiently selected by applying the flow charts developed. By applying the developed flowcharts, alternative approaches to the introduction of damping into structural analysis can also be defined.