Cosic M., Folic R., Brcic S.: An Overview of Modern Seismic Analyses with Different Ways of Damping Introduction, Building Materials and Structures, Vol. 60, No. 1, 2017, pp. 3-30.


The authors of the paper, on the basis of the analysis of a large number of scientific papers, presented their original systematization of seismic analyses of structures, where a large number of them were developed during the last twenty years. Seismic analyses are generally classified into two (four) groups: Linear Static Analyses (LSA) and Nonlinear Static Analyses (NSA), and Linear Dynamic Analyses (LDA) and Nonlinear Dynamic Analyses (NDA). The analyses of nonlinear seismic structural response were classified separately from the Target Displacement Analyses (TDA) which defines the relationship of the seismic demand and seismic response. On the other hand, classification was also conducted depending on whether a nonlinear response of the system is obtained by the implementation of incremental-iterative procedures or by implementation of semi-iterative and/or semi-incremental procedures. NDA were classified according to the concept of mathematical formulation, i.e. whether they are based on only one dynamic analysis, several dynamic analyses or they are solved in combination with other methods. By implementing the conducted systematization of seismic analyses, one can efficiently consider which type of analysis is optimal for structural analysis and which type of analysis should be taken into account in the phase of preliminary and final analyses in the course of scientific research and professional projects. This paper also presents the aspects of damping modelling in structural analysis through the systematization of damping types and flowcharts, depending on the type of analysis applied: linear and nonlinear, static and dynamic. Damping has been systematized based on the way it was introduced into calculations, i.e. over material damping, link element damping and damping directly introduced into the analyses which are conducted in capacitive, time and frequency domains. In the process of creating numerical structural models, the type of damping and the way of its introduction into structural analysis can be very efficiently selected by applying the flow charts developed. By applying the developed flowcharts, alternative approaches to the introduction of damping into structural analysis can also be defined.


seismic analyses, damping, systematization, performances, structures

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